1/*
2  Copyright (c) 2017 Arduino LLC.  All right reserved.
3
4  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
5  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
6  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
7  version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
8
9  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
10  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
11  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
12  See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
13
14  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
15  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
16  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
17*/
18
19#include <WiFiNINA.h>
20#include <FlashStorage.h>
21
22#include "lzss.h"
23
24#ifdef ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRVIDOR4000
25#include <VidorPeripherals.h>
26#endif /* ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRVIDOR4000 */
27
28#ifdef ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRVIDOR4000
29#define NINA_GPIO0  FPGA_NINA_GPIO0
30#define NINA_RESETN FPGA_SPIWIFI_RESET
31#endif /* ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRVIDOR4000 */
32
33#define SDU_START    0x2000
34#define SDU_SIZE     0x4000
35
36#define SKETCH_START (uint32_t*)(SDU_START + SDU_SIZE)
37
38const char * UPDATE_FILE_NAME      = "/fs/UPDATE.BIN";
39const char * UPDATE_FILE_NAME_LZSS = "/fs/UPDATE.BIN.LZSS";
40
41static const uint32_t crc_table[256] = {
42    0x00000000, 0x77073096, 0xee0e612c, 0x990951ba, 0x076dc419, 0x706af48f, 0xe963a535, 0x9e6495a3,
43    0x0edb8832, 0x79dcb8a4, 0xe0d5e91e, 0x97d2d988, 0x09b64c2b, 0x7eb17cbd, 0xe7b82d07, 0x90bf1d91,
44    0x1db71064, 0x6ab020f2, 0xf3b97148, 0x84be41de, 0x1adad47d, 0x6ddde4eb, 0xf4d4b551, 0x83d385c7,
45    0x136c9856, 0x646ba8c0, 0xfd62f97a, 0x8a65c9ec, 0x14015c4f, 0x63066cd9, 0xfa0f3d63, 0x8d080df5,
46    0x3b6e20c8, 0x4c69105e, 0xd56041e4, 0xa2677172, 0x3c03e4d1, 0x4b04d447, 0xd20d85fd, 0xa50ab56b,
47    0x35b5a8fa, 0x42b2986c, 0xdbbbc9d6, 0xacbcf940, 0x32d86ce3, 0x45df5c75, 0xdcd60dcf, 0xabd13d59,
48    0x26d930ac, 0x51de003a, 0xc8d75180, 0xbfd06116, 0x21b4f4b5, 0x56b3c423, 0xcfba9599, 0xb8bda50f,
49    0x2802b89e, 0x5f058808, 0xc60cd9b2, 0xb10be924, 0x2f6f7c87, 0x58684c11, 0xc1611dab, 0xb6662d3d,
50    0x76dc4190, 0x01db7106, 0x98d220bc, 0xefd5102a, 0x71b18589, 0x06b6b51f, 0x9fbfe4a5, 0xe8b8d433,
51    0x7807c9a2, 0x0f00f934, 0x9609a88e, 0xe10e9818, 0x7f6a0dbb, 0x086d3d2d, 0x91646c97, 0xe6635c01,
52    0x6b6b51f4, 0x1c6c6162, 0x856530d8, 0xf262004e, 0x6c0695ed, 0x1b01a57b, 0x8208f4c1, 0xf50fc457,
53    0x65b0d9c6, 0x12b7e950, 0x8bbeb8ea, 0xfcb9887c, 0x62dd1ddf, 0x15da2d49, 0x8cd37cf3, 0xfbd44c65,
54    0x4db26158, 0x3ab551ce, 0xa3bc0074, 0xd4bb30e2, 0x4adfa541, 0x3dd895d7, 0xa4d1c46d, 0xd3d6f4fb,
55    0x4369e96a, 0x346ed9fc, 0xad678846, 0xda60b8d0, 0x44042d73, 0x33031de5, 0xaa0a4c5f, 0xdd0d7cc9,
56    0x5005713c, 0x270241aa, 0xbe0b1010, 0xc90c2086, 0x5768b525, 0x206f85b3, 0xb966d409, 0xce61e49f,
57    0x5edef90e, 0x29d9c998, 0xb0d09822, 0xc7d7a8b4, 0x59b33d17, 0x2eb40d81, 0xb7bd5c3b, 0xc0ba6cad,
58    0xedb88320, 0x9abfb3b6, 0x03b6e20c, 0x74b1d29a, 0xead54739, 0x9dd277af, 0x04db2615, 0x73dc1683,
59    0xe3630b12, 0x94643b84, 0x0d6d6a3e, 0x7a6a5aa8, 0xe40ecf0b, 0x9309ff9d, 0x0a00ae27, 0x7d079eb1,
60    0xf00f9344, 0x8708a3d2, 0x1e01f268, 0x6906c2fe, 0xf762575d, 0x806567cb, 0x196c3671, 0x6e6b06e7,
61    0xfed41b76, 0x89d32be0, 0x10da7a5a, 0x67dd4acc, 0xf9b9df6f, 0x8ebeeff9, 0x17b7be43, 0x60b08ed5,
62    0xd6d6a3e8, 0xa1d1937e, 0x38d8c2c4, 0x4fdff252, 0xd1bb67f1, 0xa6bc5767, 0x3fb506dd, 0x48b2364b,
63    0xd80d2bda, 0xaf0a1b4c, 0x36034af6, 0x41047a60, 0xdf60efc3, 0xa867df55, 0x316e8eef, 0x4669be79,
64    0xcb61b38c, 0xbc66831a, 0x256fd2a0, 0x5268e236, 0xcc0c7795, 0xbb0b4703, 0x220216b9, 0x5505262f,
65    0xc5ba3bbe, 0xb2bd0b28, 0x2bb45a92, 0x5cb36a04, 0xc2d7ffa7, 0xb5d0cf31, 0x2cd99e8b, 0x5bdeae1d,
66    0x9b64c2b0, 0xec63f226, 0x756aa39c, 0x026d930a, 0x9c0906a9, 0xeb0e363f, 0x72076785, 0x05005713,
67    0x95bf4a82, 0xe2b87a14, 0x7bb12bae, 0x0cb61b38, 0x92d28e9b, 0xe5d5be0d, 0x7cdcefb7, 0x0bdbdf21,
68    0x86d3d2d4, 0xf1d4e242, 0x68ddb3f8, 0x1fda836e, 0x81be16cd, 0xf6b9265b, 0x6fb077e1, 0x18b74777,
69    0x88085ae6, 0xff0f6a70, 0x66063bca, 0x11010b5c, 0x8f659eff, 0xf862ae69, 0x616bffd3, 0x166ccf45,
70    0xa00ae278, 0xd70dd2ee, 0x4e048354, 0x3903b3c2, 0xa7672661, 0xd06016f7, 0x4969474d, 0x3e6e77db,
71    0xaed16a4a, 0xd9d65adc, 0x40df0b66, 0x37d83bf0, 0xa9bcae53, 0xdebb9ec5, 0x47b2cf7f, 0x30b5ffe9,
72    0xbdbdf21c, 0xcabac28a, 0x53b39330, 0x24b4a3a6, 0xbad03605, 0xcdd70693, 0x54de5729, 0x23d967bf,
73    0xb3667a2e, 0xc4614ab8, 0x5d681b02, 0x2a6f2b94, 0xb40bbe37, 0xc30c8ea1, 0x5a05df1b, 0x2d02ef8d
74};
75
76uint32_t crc_update(uint32_t crc, const void * data, size_t data_len)
77{
78  const unsigned char *d = (const unsigned char *)data;
79  unsigned int tbl_idx;
80
81  while (data_len--) {
82    tbl_idx = (crc ^ *d) & 0xff;
83    crc = (crc_table[tbl_idx] ^ (crc >> 8)) & 0xffffffff;
84    d++;
85  }
86
87  return crc & 0xffffffff;
88}
89
90FlashClass flash;
91
92// Initialize C library
93extern "C" void __libc_init_array(void);
94
95int main() {
96  init();
97
98  __libc_init_array();
99
100  delay(1);
101
102#if defined(ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRVIDOR4000)
103  FPGA.begin();
104  /* NINA select SPI mode and enable (by setting RESETN = '1') */
105  FPGA.pinMode     (NINA_GPIO0,  OUTPUT);
106  FPGA.digitalWrite(NINA_GPIO0,  HIGH);
107  FPGA.pinMode     (NINA_RESETN, OUTPUT);
108  FPGA.digitalWrite(NINA_RESETN, HIGH);
109#elif defined(ARDUINO_SAMD_MKRWIFI1010) || defined(ARDUINO_SAMD_NANO_33_IOT)
110  /* NINA select SPI mode and enable (by setting RESETN = '1') */
111  pinMode     (NINA_GPIO0,  OUTPUT);
112  digitalWrite(NINA_GPIO0,  HIGH);
113  pinMode     (NINA_RESETN, OUTPUT);
114  digitalWrite(NINA_RESETN, HIGH);
115#endif
116
117  if (WiFi.status() == WL_NO_SHIELD) {
118    goto boot;
119  }
120
121  /* For UPDATE.BIN.LZSS - LZSS compressed binary files. */
122  if (WiFiStorage.exists(UPDATE_FILE_NAME_LZSS))
123  {
124    WiFiStorageFile update_file = WiFiStorage.open(UPDATE_FILE_NAME_LZSS);
125
126    union
127    {
128      struct __attribute__((packed))
129      {
130        uint32_t len;
131        uint32_t crc32;
132      } header;
133      uint8_t buf[sizeof(header)];
134    } ota_header;
135    uint32_t crc32, bytes_read;
136    uint8_t crc_buf[128];
137
138    /* Read the OTA header ... */
139    update_file.read(ota_header.buf, sizeof(ota_header.buf));
140
141    /* ... and check first length ... */
142    if (ota_header.header.len != (update_file.size() - sizeof(ota_header.buf))) {
143      update_file.close();
144      update_file.erase();
145      goto boot;
146    }
147    /* ... and the CRC second ... initialize CRC ... */
148    crc32 = 0xFFFFFFFF;
149    /* ... and calculate over file ... */
150    for(bytes_read = 0;
151        bytes_read < (ota_header.header.len - sizeof(crc_buf));
152        bytes_read += sizeof(crc_buf))
153    {
154      update_file.read(crc_buf, sizeof(crc_buf));
155      crc32 = crc_update(crc32, crc_buf, sizeof(crc_buf));
156    }
157    update_file.read(crc_buf, ota_header.header.len - bytes_read);
158    crc32 = crc_update(crc32, crc_buf, ota_header.header.len - bytes_read);
159    /* ... then finalise ... */
160    crc32 ^= 0xFFFFFFFF;
161    /* ... and compare. */
162    if (ota_header.header.crc32 != crc32) {
163      update_file.close();
164      update_file.erase();
165      goto boot;
166    }
167
168    /* Rewind to start of LZSS compressed binary. */
169    update_file.seek(sizeof(ota_header.buf));
170
171    /* Erase the complete flash starting from the SSU forward
172     * because we've got no possibility of knowing how large
173     * the decompressed binary will finally be.
174     */
175    flash.erase((void*)SKETCH_START, 0x40000 - (uint32_t)SKETCH_START);
176    /* Initialize the lzss module with the data which
177     * it requires.
178     */
179    lzss_init(&update_file, (uint32_t)SKETCH_START);
180    /* During the process of decoding UPDATE.BIN.LZSS
181     * is decompressed and stored as UPDATE.BIN.
182     */
183    lzss_decode();
184    /* Write the data remaining in the write buffer to
185     * the file.
186     */
187    lzss_flush();
188    /* Delete UPDATE.BIN.LZSS because this update is complete. */
189    update_file.close();
190    update_file.erase();
191  }
192  /* For UPDATE.BIN - uncompressed binary files. */
193  else if (WiFiStorage.exists(UPDATE_FILE_NAME)) {
194
195    WiFiStorageFile updateFile = WiFiStorage.open(UPDATE_FILE_NAME);
196    uint32_t updateSize = updateFile.size();
197    bool updateFlashed = false;
198
199    if (updateSize > SDU_SIZE) {
200      // skip the SDU section
201      updateFile.seek(SDU_SIZE);
202      updateSize -= SDU_SIZE;
203
204      uint32_t flashAddress = (uint32_t)SKETCH_START;
205
206      // erase the pages
207      flash.erase((void*)flashAddress, updateSize);
208
209      uint8_t buffer[128];
210
211      // write the pages
212      for (uint32_t i = 0; i < updateSize; i += sizeof(buffer)) {
213        updateFile.read(buffer, sizeof(buffer));
214
215        flash.write((void*)flashAddress, buffer, sizeof(buffer));
216
217        flashAddress += sizeof(buffer);
218      }
219
220      updateFlashed = true;
221    }
222
223    updateFile.close();
224
225    if (updateFlashed) {
226      updateFile.erase();
227    }
228  }
229
230boot:
231  // jump to the sketch
232  __set_MSP(*SKETCH_START);
233
234  //Reset vector table address
235  SCB->VTOR = ((uint32_t)(SKETCH_START) & SCB_VTOR_TBLOFF_Msk);
236
237  // address of Reset_Handler is written by the linker at the beginning of the .text section (see linker script)
238  uint32_t resetHandlerAddress = (uint32_t) * (SKETCH_START + 1);
239  // jump to reset handler
240  asm("bx %0"::"r"(resetHandlerAddress));
241}
242